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Han Chinese Culture


History of a culture is a record of the past activities of human civilization. The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of china. It as founded by the peasant rebel leader "Liu Bang" known as Emperor Gaozo. The people of the Han dynasty followed a common culture.

The society is divided into two classes: The Rich and poor. The Rich lived a comfortable life with elaborate homes decorated with drapery and cashmere carpets. The furniture is carved with styles of Greek and Roman and walls were painted with floral designs. Children were educated in homes with special

tutors. The rich did not use public schools. They wore fur clothes and belted robes with long sleeves lined with silk. Contrary to the rich, the poor lived in small house with little food and no sanitation.

Family is extremely important to the Han Chinese. The family consists of the entire extended family living together under a single roof. The oldest male is considered as the head of the household. The son takes care of his father until his death. Love and respect between members is important to maintain the family values.

Buddhism became a widely recognized religion during the Han dynasty. People in china began to convert to Buddhism largely. The Chinese artist began to draw pictures of Buddha and carve scriptures of his holy followers. The Han Chinese speaks various types of Chinese language. One language of the different types is "Hanyu" Which literally means Han language. In spite of the diversity in the spoken language, they have a unified standard form of written language regardless of the local variations.

Han Chinese wear clothes made of Silk robes. Han clothing robe can be full length or half-length. Clothes made of silk were valued and it is use to reward services to the state. A person's wealth and prestige is indicated by the use of excess fabric. Wearing of large clothes convey the status of a person. Han Chinese clothing is worn as a part of festivals, ceremonies, historical reenactment, ceremonial clothing worn by priest or cultural exercise. The hanfu styles are divided into Tang dynasty Hanfu, Song dynasty Hanfu and Ming dynasty Hanfu. "Qupao" is a traditional dress of the Han culture. In the present day, the Han Chinese wears western style clothing.

The Han period was a period of cultural flowering. People created new works of literature. It flourished with the invention of paper. Traditional poetry and prose forms especially the "fu" prose form bloom during the period. The most outstanding folk ballad of the period is the "South east the peacock flies". The ballad tells the tragedy of a young married couple who committed suicide as the result of cruelty of the husband's mother. Major prose authors were Liu An, Ssu-ma ch'ien and Panku. The major work of Lui An is "The master of Huain-nan", a compilation of 21 chapters on cosmology, philosophy, politics and ethics. The four great novels of the period are Dream of the red chamber, water margin, Romance of the three kingdoms and journey to the west.

The Han Chinese marks an important stage in the development of Chinese great cultural heritage. The culture makes the people feel proud to be referred as Han Chinese.



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