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Ancient Chinese Architecture


Culture and Architecture has a close relation with one another. The Ancient Chinese Architecture is as old as its civilization. It is an important part of the world Architecture. It has its own distinct features, styles and shows a close relation with its culture. It reflects the moral principles, aesthetic conceptions and values of the Chinese people. The Great Wall of China, White house temple, Mogao caves and Forbidden city are some of the miracles of ancient architecture.

Ancient Chinese Architecture has its origin during the ‘Shang Dynasty'. The framework is made of wooden

post, beams, lintels and Joists. The houses are decorated with colored glaze roof, windows with beautiful appliqué design and beautiful designs of flower painted on the walls. The rooms are separate with walls. The layout of the courtyard marks a unique feature of the Chinese Ancient architecture. Each courtyard and windows has different scenery view. The main structure of the courtyard is located on the central axis while less important structure is located to the left and right. The unique feature of their architecture shows their rich imagination and craftsmen's handicraft.

Chinese Ancient Architecture is remarkable in its style. It makes use of different materials in construction like brickwork, civil construction, bamboo construction and timber construction. Different styles of architecture are Imperial architecture, religious architecture, garden architecture and general architecture. The feature of imperial architecture is one of the greatest achievements of the Chinese ancient architecture. It includes imperial places like the ‘Forbidden city' of the Qing dynasty, mausoleum like ‘Mausoleum of Emperor Taizong' and ‘Zhao Mausoleum' shows the majestic manner of loyalty and the imperial garden like ‘Huaquing palace' and ‘summer palace' with its splendor scales and style symbolize the harmonious unity of human with nature.

Different religious beliefs have their own architectural design. The different religious architecture is Buddhist architecture that includes temples, pagodas and grottos. The ‘White house temple' is one of the oldest Buddhist temples. Buddhist architecture is a fine art where calligraphy, sculpture and painting combine. Taoist architecture includes temples, palaces, nunneries, altars and huts. The temples are wooden framed and have gardens. The architectural style also resembles with common buildings. It reflects the artistic and historic values of ancient china. Chinese temple is mark by a typical religious style. It is design to convey the message that human being is a part of nature. The temples are located in mountains and forest. It makes use of different pillars, beams and arches. The temples give the picture of a comfortable and harmonious life.

The Chinese culture has a close relation with its architecture. The modesty and gentleness of their culture reflects in their style of architecture. The design of small yards shows the feeling of intimacy among people and practical thinking in Chinese culture. The ancient architecture that greatly influences Chinese culture is ‘Fengshui' that gives importance on peaceful unity of human beings with nature and ‘Memorial art' built to honor great achievement and virtue of ancestors.



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